Difference between revisions of "Madison Math Circle Abstracts"
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We'll learn about some famous paradoxes in probability. Come and have your brain teased by the Monty Hall Problem (will you win a goat or a car?) and the 100 Prisoners Problem (can you and your fellow prisoners come up with a clever strategy to save your lives?). We'll solve these problems and more!  We'll learn about some famous paradoxes in probability. Come and have your brain teased by the Monty Hall Problem (will you win a goat or a car?) and the 100 Prisoners Problem (can you and your fellow prisoners come up with a clever strategy to save your lives?). We'll solve these problems and more!  
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+  </center>  
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+  == March 13 2017 ==  
+  <center>  
+  { style="color:black; fontsize:100%" table border="2" cellpadding="10" width="700" cellspacing="20"  
+    
+   bgcolor="#e8b2b2" align="center" style="fontsize:125%"  '''Jim Brunner'''  
+    
+   bgcolor="#BDBDBD" align="center"  '''Title: You and your clones predict the future'''  
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+   bgcolor="#BDBDBD"   
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+  We are going to talk about how to predict the future based on the present! Often, we know only things about the probability of the very near future, like which city we are going to be in next week. Luckily, there is a way to use that information to figure not just where we’ll be in two or three weeks, but also what the probability is that we are in some city in a very long time from now. The tool we need is called a Markov Chain. I’ll talk about how a Markov Chain can help us figure out the probability of different events in the future, and how we can clone ourselves in order to figure out how a Markov Chain behaves.}  
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Revision as of 02:36, 13 March 2017
Contents
 1 August 6 2016
 2 September 12 2016
 3 September 19 2016
 4 September 26 2016
 5 October 3 2016
 6 October 10 2016
 7 October 17 2016
 8 October 24 2016
 9 October 31 2016
 10 November 7 2016
 11 November 14 2016
 12 November 21 2016
 13 February 6 2017
 14 February 13 2017
 15 February 20 2017
 16 February 27 2017
 17 March 6 2017
 18 March 13 2017
 19 High School Meetings
August 6 2016
Science Saturday 
Title: Game Busters 
The goal of our station will be to explore the mathematics related to the games: Set, Nim, and Chomp. We will have stations where individuals can drop by play a few games and explore these games for themselves. (We will have worksheets and volunteers providing guidance.) Additionally, anyone will be able to challenge our Master of Nim with fun prizes available for beating them. (Note: This is at a special time and location.) 
September 12 2016
JeanLuc Thiffeault 
Title: Why do my earbuds keep getting entangled? 
I'll discuss the mathematics of random entanglements. Why is it that it's so easy for wires to get entangled, but so hard for them to detangle? 
September 19 2016
DJ Bruce 
Title: Is Any Knot Not the Unknot? 
You're walking home from school, and you pull out your head phones to listen to some tunes. However, inevitably they are a horribly tangled mess, but are they really a knot? We'll talk about what exactly is a knot, and how we can tell when something is not the unknot. 
September 26 2016
Megan Maguire 
Title: Coloring Maps 
Have you ever noticed that in colored maps of the US bordering states are never the same color? That's because it would be super confusing! But how many different colors do we need in order to avoid this? Come find out and learn more cool things about coloring maps. 
October 3 2016
Zach Charles 
Title: 1 + 1 = 10, or How does my smartphone do anything? 
Computers are used to do all kinds of complex tasks, from playing videos to running internet browsers. Secretly, computers do everything through numbers and mathematics. Surprisingly, they do all of this with "bits", numbers that are only 0 or 1. We will talk about bits and how we use them to do the mathematics we're familiar with as humans. If we have enough time, we will discuss "addition chains" and how computers use them to speed up their computations. 
October 10 2016
Keith Rush 
Title: Randomness, determinism and approximation: a historical question 
If you give me a function, can I find a simple function that approximates it well? This question played a central role in the development of mathematics. With a couple examples we will begin to investigate this for ourselves, and we'll touch on some interesting relationships to modeling random processes. 
October 17 2016
Philip Wood 
Title: The game of CrissCross 
Some say that mathematics is the science of patterns, and patterns are everywhere. You can find some remarkable patterns just by drawing lines connecting dots, and that is just what we will do in the game of CrissCross! Bring your pencils and be ready to play. 
October 24 2016
Ethan Beihl 
Title: A Chocolate Bar for Every Real Number 
By chopping up rectangles into squares repeatedly we obtain socalled "slicing diagrams" that correspond to every number. These diagrams have some very cool properties, and show up all over mathematics (under the name "continued fractions," which name we will investigate). Some questions I may ask you: Which chocolate bars look like themselves? Which chocolate bars look like themselves, except bigger? Which chocolate bars are interesting? Why did you come to a math talk expecting real chocolate? 
October 31 2016
No Meeting This Week 
Title: N/A 
Enjoy Halloween. 
November 7 2016
Polly Yu 
Title: Are we there yet? 
When you are told to clean your room, you have to first clean half of it; then half of what's left, and half of what's left, and so on. Seems like you will never be done! In fact, an ancient Greek philosopher, Zeno, used an argument like this to claim that it is impossible to move! Disclaimer: we are not saying that it's impossible to clean your room. What we will do is look at a special case of adding infinitely many numbers together, and use the resulting formula to calculate areas of fractals. 
November 14 2016
Micky Soule Steinberg 
Title: Circles and Triangles 
We’ll talk about the pythagorean theorem and areas of circles/triangles, and then use those tools to solve some cool problems! 
November 21 2016
Benedek Valko 
Title: Fun with hats 
We will discuss various fun logic problems involving colors of hats. The participants will also have a chance to win some of the speaker’s leftover Halloween candy. 
February 6 2017
Cullen McDonald 
Title: Building a 4dimensional house 
I think my dream home would be in the fourth dimension. I'd have a lot more room for activities. We will draw blueprints, build models, and measure how much more room we'll get by using mathematics to extend our understanding of 3 dimensions to 4 or beyond. 
February 13 2017
Dima Arinkin 
Title: Solve it with colors 
How many ways are there to place 32 dominoes on a 8x8 chessboard? (Dominoes cover exactly two squares, and should not overlap.) This is a very tough problem with a huge answer: 12,988,816. But suppose we want to only place 31 dominoes and leave two opposite corners empty. It turns out that the question is then almost trivial: such a placement is impossible. (Hint: The reason has to do with black and white squares on the board!) We will look at problems that can be solved by a clever coloring design. 
February 20 2017
Reese Johnston 
Title: Knights and Knaves 
An ancient Greek philosopher Epimenides famously said "All Cretans are liars". Ignoring for a moment the fact that Epimenides himself was from Crete, what would happen if he was right? How could we get information from people who always lie? Or, worse, what if among these lying "knaves" are some truthful "knights"? How could we tell which is which? Using some tools from logic, we'll explore this and some other questions of the same sort. 
February 27 2017
Jessica Lin 
Title: The Mathematics Behind Sound 
We will explore the mathematics behind soundwaves. This will include dissecting the structure of soundwaves, understanding why they create certain tones, and discovering how sound cancelling headphones work. If time permits, we may even talk about whether you can "hear the shape of a drum." 
March 6 2017
Becky Eastham 
Title: How to Win a Brand New Car and Escape Execution with Probability 
We'll learn about some famous paradoxes in probability. Come and have your brain teased by the Monty Hall Problem (will you win a goat or a car?) and the 100 Prisoners Problem (can you and your fellow prisoners come up with a clever strategy to save your lives?). We'll solve these problems and more! 
March 13 2017
Jim Brunner  
Title: You and your clones predict the future  
We are going to talk about how to predict the future based on the present! Often, we know only things about the probability of the very near future, like which city we are going to be in next week. Luckily, there is a way to use that information to figure not just where we’ll be in two or three weeks, but also what the probability is that we are in some city in a very long time from now. The tool we need is called a Markov Chain. I’ll talk about how a Markov Chain can help us figure out the probability of different events in the future, and how we can clone ourselves in order to figure out how a Markov Chain behaves.} High School MeetingsOctober 17 2016 (JMM)
October 24 2016 (West)
October 31 2016 (East)
December 5 2016 (JMM)
December 5 2016 (East)
February 13 2017 (East)
February 20 2017 (JMM)
March 20 2017 (East)
April 3 2017 (JMM)
