NTS ABSTRACTSpring2021
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Contents
Jan 28
Monica Nevins 
Interpreting the local character expansion of padic SL(2) 
The HarishChandra—Howe local character expansion expresses the character of an admissible representation of a padic group G as a linear combination with complex coefficients of the (finitely many!) Fourier transforms of nilpotent orbital integrals \(\widehat{\mu}_{\mathcal{O}}\)  near the identity. Approaching from another direction: we can restrict the representation to any compact open subgroup K of G, obtaining its branching rules, which also describe the representation near the identity, in a different sense. We show that for G=SL(2,k), k a nonarchimedean local field, where the branching rules to maximal compact open subgroups K are known, each of these terms \(\widehat{\mu}_{\mathcal{O}}\) can be interpreted as the character \(\tau_{\mathcal{O}}\) of a representation of K, up to an error term arising from the zero orbit. Moreover, the irreducible components of \(\tau_{\mathcal{O}}\) are explicitly constructed from the K orbits in \(\mathcal{O}\). This work in progress offers a conjectural alternative interpretation of branching rules of admissible representations. 
Feb 4
Ke Chen 
On CM points away from the Torelli locus 
Coleman conjectured in 1980's that when g is an integer sufficiently large, the open Torelli locus T_g in the Siegel modular variety A_g should contain at most finitely many CM points, namely Jacobians of general curves of high genus should not admit complex multiplication. We show that certain CM points do not lie in T_g if they parametrize abelian varieties isogeneous to products of simple CM abelian varieties of low dimension. The proof relies on known results on Faltings height and SatoTate equidistributions. This is a joint work with Kang Zuo and Xin Lv. 
Feb 11
Dmitry Gourevitch 
Relations between Fourier coefficients of automorphic forms, with applications to vanishing and to Eulerianity 
In recent works with H. P. A. Gustafsson, A. Kleinschmidt, D. Persson, and S. Sahi, we found a way to express any automorphic form through its Fourier coefficients, using adelic integrals, period integrals and discrete summation – generalizing the PiatetskiShapiro – Shalika decomposition for GL(n). I will explain the general idea behind our formulas, and illustrate it on examples. I will also show applications to vanishing and Eulerianity of Fourier coefficients. 
Feb 18
Eyal Kaplan 
The generalized doubling method, multiplicity one and the application to global functoriality 
One of the fundamental difficulties in the Langlands program is to handle the nongeneric case. The doubling method, developed by PiatetskiShapiro and Rallis in the 80s, pioneered the study of Lfunctions for cuspidal nongeneric automorphic representations of classical groups. Recently, this method has been generalized in several aspects with interesting applications. In this talk I will survey the different components of the generalized doubling method, describe the fundamental multiplicity one result obtained recently in a joint work with Aizenbud and Gourevitch, and outline the application to global functoriality. Parts of the talk are also based on a collaboration with Cai, Friedberg and Ginzburg.

Feb 25
Roger Van Peski 
Random matrices, random groups, singular values, and symmetric functions 
Since the 1989 work of FriedmanWashington, the cokernels of random padic matrices drawn from various distributions have provided models for random finite abelian pgroups arising in number theory and combinatorics, the most famous being the class groups of quadratic imaginary number fields. Since any finite abelian pgroup is isomorphic to a direct sum of cyclic groups $\bigoplus_i \mathbb{Z}/p^{\lambda_i}\mathbb{Z}$, it is equivalent to study the random integer partition $\lambda = (\lambda_1, \lambda_2,\ldots)$, which is analogous to the singular values of a complex random matrix. We show that the behavior of such partitions under taking products and corners of random padic matrices is governed by the HallLittlewood polynomials, recovering and explaining some previous results relating padic matrix cokernels to these polynomials. We use these exact results to study the joint asymptotic behavior of the cokernels of products of many random padic matrices $A_\tau \cdots A_1$, with $\tau$ acting as a discrete time parameter. We show that the parts $\lambda_i$ of the corresponding partition have a simple description via an interacting particle system, and their fluctuations converge under rescaling to independent Brownian motions. At both the exact and asymptotic level we explain connections between our results and existing results on singular values of complex random matrices: both are in fact degenerations of the same operations on random partitions coming from Macdonald polynomials.

Mar 4
Amos Nevo 
Intrinsic Diophantine approximation on homogeneous algebraic varieties 
Classical Diophantine approximation quantifies the denseness of the set of rational vectors in their ambient Euclidean space. A farreaching extension of the classical theory calls for quantifying the denseness of rational points in general homogeneous algebraic varieties. This was raised as an open problem by Serge Lang already half a century ago, but progress towards it was achieved only in a limited number of special cases. A systematic approach to this problem for homogeneous varieties associated with semisimple groups has been developed in recent years, in joint work with A. Ghosh and A. Gorodnik. The methods employ dynamical arguments and effective ergodic theory, and employ spectral estimates in the automorphic representation of semisimple groups. In the case of homogeneous spaces with semisimple stability group, this approach leads to the derivation of pointwise uniform and almost sure Diophantine exponents, as well as analogs of Khinchin's and W. Schmidt's theorems, with some of the results being best possible. We will explain some of the main results and some of the ingredients in their proof, focusing on some easily accessible examples. 
Mar 11
Carlo Pagano 
On the negative Pell conjecture 
The negative Pell equation has been studied since many centuries. Euler already provided an interesting criterion in terms of continued fractions. In 1995 Peter Stevenhagen proposed a conjecture for the frequency of the solvability of this equation, when one varies the real quadratic field. I will discuss an upcoming joint work with Peter Koymans where we establish Stevenhagen's conjecture. 
Mar 18
Siddhi Pathak 
Special values of Lseries with periodic coefficients 
A crucial ingredient in Dirichlet's proof of infinitude of primes in arithmetic progressions is the nonvanishing of $L(1,\chi)$, for any nonprincipal Dirichlet character $\chi$. Inspired by this result, one can ask if the same remains true when $\chi$ is replaced by a general periodic arithmetic function. This problem has received significant attention in the literature, beginning with the work of S. Chowla and that of Baker, Birch and Wirsing. Nonetheless, tantalizing questions such as the conjecture of Erdos regarding nonvanishing of $L(1,f)$, for certain periodic $f$, remain open. In this talk, I will present various facets of this problem and discuss recent progress in generalizing the theorems of BakerBirchWirsing and Okada. 
Mar 25
Emmanuel Kowalski 
Remembrances of polynomial values: Fourier's way 
The talk will begin by a survey of questions about the value sets of
polynomials over finite fields. We will then focus in particular on a new phaseretrieval problem for the exponential sums associated to two polynomials; under suitable genericity assumptions, we determine all solutions to this problem. We will attempt to highlight the remarkably varied combination of tools and results of algebraic geometry, group theory and number theory that appear in this study. (Joint work with K. Soundararajan) 
Apr 1
Abhishek Oswal 
A nonarchimedean definable Chow theorem 
In recent years, ominimality has found some striking applications to diophantine geometry. The utility of ominimal structures originates from the remarkably tame topological properties satisfied by sets definable in such structures. Despite the rigidity that it imposes, the theory is sufficiently flexible to allow for a range of analytic constructions. An illustration of this `tame' property is the following surprising generalization of Chow's theorem proved by Peterzil and Starchenko  A closed analytic subset of a complex algebraic variety that is also definable in an ominimal structure, is in fact algebraic. While the ominimal machinery aims to capture the archimedean order topology of the real line, it is natural to wonder if such a machinery can be set up over nonarchimedean fields. In this talk, we shall explore a nonarchimedean analogue of an ominimal structure and a version of the definable Chow theorem in this context. 
Apr 8
Henri Darmon 
Hilbert’s twelfth problem and deformations of modular forms 
Hilbert’s twelfth problem asks for the construction of abelian extensions of number fields via special values of (complex) analytic functions. An early prototype for a solution is the theory of complex multiplication, culminating in the landmark treatise of Shimura and Taniyama which provides a satisfying answer for CM ground fields.
For more general number fields, Stark’s conjecture leads to a conjectural framework for explicit class field theory based on the leading terms of abelian complex Lseries at s=1 or s=0. While there has been very little no progress on the original conjecture, Benedict Gross formulated seminal padic and ``tame’’ analogues in the mid 1980’s which have turned out to be far more amenable to available techniques, growing out of the proof of the ``main conjectures” by Mazur and Wiles, and culminating in the recent work of Samit Dasgupta and Mahesh Kakde which, by proving a strong refinement of the padic GrossStark conjecture, leads to what might be touted as a {\em padic solution} to Hilbert’s twelfth problem for all totally real fields. I will compare and contrast this work with a different approach (in collaboration with Alice Pozzi and Jan Vonk) which proves a similar result for real quadratic fields. While limited for now to real quadratic fields, this approach is part of the broader program of extending the full panoply of the theory of complex multiplication to real quadratic, and possibly other non CM base fields. 
Apr 15
Joshua Lam 
CM liftings on Shimura varieties 
I will discuss results on CM liftings of mod p points of Shimura varieties, for example the finiteness of supersingular points admitting CM lifts. I’ll also discuss the structure of CM liftable points in the case of Hilbert modular varieties, by applying results of HelmTianXiao on the GorenOort stratification. This is joint work with Mark Kisin, Ananth Shankar and Padma Srinivasan. 
Apr 22
Brian Lawrence 
The Shafarevich conjecture for hypersurfaces in abelian varieties 
Let K be a number field, S a finite set of primes of O_K, and g a positive integer. Shafarevich conjectured, and Faltings proved, that there are only finitely many curves of genus g, defined over K and having good reduction outside S. Analogous results have been proven for other families, replacing "curves of genus g" with "K3 surfaces", "del Pezzo surfaces" etc.; these results are also called Shafarevich conjectures. There are good reasons to expect the Shafarevich conjecture to hold for many families of varieties: the moduli space should have only finitely many integral points. Will Sawin and I prove this for hypersurfaces in a fixed abelian variety of dimension not equal to 3. 