# Difference between revisions of "PDE Geometric Analysis seminar"

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Abstract: This article is concerned with infinite depth gravity water waves with constant vorticity in two space dimensions. We consider this system expressed in position-velocity potential holomorphic coordinates. We show that, for low-frequency solutions, the Benjamin-Ono equation gives a good and stable approximation to the system on the natural cubic time scale. The proof relies on refined cubic energy estimates and perturbative analysis. | Abstract: This article is concerned with infinite depth gravity water waves with constant vorticity in two space dimensions. We consider this system expressed in position-velocity potential holomorphic coordinates. We show that, for low-frequency solutions, the Benjamin-Ono equation gives a good and stable approximation to the system on the natural cubic time scale. The proof relies on refined cubic energy estimates and perturbative analysis. | ||

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Abstract: In this talk we will consider the Cauchy problem for both low and high dispersive generalizations of the Benjamin-Ono equation. To address the nonlinear interactions, we use a pseudodifferential generalization of the gauge transform introduced by Tao for the original Benjamin-Ono equation. Further, we combine this with a paradifferential normal form. This approach allows for a much simpler functional setting, and improves the known low regularity well-posedness threshold across the range of the dispersive generalization. This is joint work with Grace Liu. | Abstract: In this talk we will consider the Cauchy problem for both low and high dispersive generalizations of the Benjamin-Ono equation. To address the nonlinear interactions, we use a pseudodifferential generalization of the gauge transform introduced by Tao for the original Benjamin-Ono equation. Further, we combine this with a paradifferential normal form. This approach allows for a much simpler functional setting, and improves the known low regularity well-posedness threshold across the range of the dispersive generalization. This is joint work with Grace Liu. | ||

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## Revision as of 14:56, 6 December 2021

The seminar's format will be a combination of online and in-person; we will make sure to update you as soon as we have more details available. First talk is tentatively scheduled for September 20th !

## Contents

### Previous PDE/GA seminars

### Schedule for Fall 2021-Spring 2022

For now we would like to provide a zoom link where one is required to register. This way you will receive weekly reminders/info about the upcoming talks.

Register in advance for this meeting: https://uwmadison.zoom.us/meeting/register/tJcpcuqqqjMjE9VJ_-SaJ0gc6kS10CCTQTVP

After registering, you will receive a confirmation email containing information about joining the meeting.

## PDE GA Seminar Schedule Fall 2021-Spring 2022

**September 20th, 2021.**

Simion Schulz (UW Madison); Format: in-person seminar, Room: 901, Time: 3:30PM-4:30PM

Title: Existence and regularity for a system of porous medium equations with small cross-diffusion and nonlocal drifts

Abstract: We prove existence and Sobolev regularity of solutions of a nonlinear system of degenerate parabolic PDEs with self- and cross-diffusion, transport/confinement and nonlocal interaction terms. The macroscopic system of PDEs is formally derived from a large particle system and models the evolution of an arbitrary number of (e.g. biological) species with quadratic porous medium interactions in a bounded domain of arbitrary dimension. The cross-interactions are scaled by a coefficient on which a necessary smallness condition is imposed. The strategy of our proof relies on a fixed point argument, followed by a vanishing viscosity scheme. This is joint work with Maria Bruna (Cambridge), Luca Alasio (Paris VI), and Simone Fagioli (Università degli Studi dell'Aquila).

**September 27th, 2021.**

Dohyun Kwon (UW Madison); Format: in-person seminar, Room: 901, Time: 3:30PM-4:30PM

Title: Volume-preserving crystalline and anisotropic mean curvature flow

Abstract: We consider the global existence of volume-preserving crystalline mean curvature flow in a non-convex setting. We show that a natural geometric property, associated with reflection symmetries of the Wulff shape, is preserved with the flow. Using this geometric property, we address the global existence and regularity of the flow for smooth anisotropies. For the non-smooth case, we establish global existence results for the types of anisotropies known to be globally well-posed. This is joint work with Inwon Kim (UCLA) and Norbert Požár (Kanazawa University).

**October 4th, 2021.**

Antoine Remind-Tiedrez (UW Madison); Format: in-person seminar, Room: 901, Time: 3:30PM-4:30PM

Title: Variational formulation, well-posedness, and iterative methods for moist potential vorticity inversion: a nonlinear PDE from atmospheric dynamics with free boundaries

Abstract: To describe the atmosphere on a synoptic scale (the scale at which high- and low-pressure systems are apparent on a weather map, for example) one may use the quasi-geostrophic equations, which are derived as a limit of the classical Boussinesq system under the assumptions of fast rotation and strong stratification. When incorporating the dynamics of water content in the atmosphere, a.k.a. moisture, one may then study the moist Boussinesq equations and its limit, the precipitating quasi-geostrophic equations.

These models are important for atmospheric scientists in light of the role that the water cycle plays in atmospheric dynamics, notably through energy budgeting (such as for example when atmospheric circulations are driven by laten heat release in storms). Mathematically, these models present interesting challenges due to the presence of boundaries, whose locations are a priori unknown, between phases saturated and unsaturated in water (schematically: boundaries between clouds and their surroundings).

In particular, while the (dry) quasi-geostrophic equations rely on the inversion of a Laplacian, this becomes a much trickier adversary in the presence of free boundaries. In this talk we will discuss how this nonlinear equation underpinning the precipitating quasi-geostrophic equations can be characterized using a variational formulation and we will describe the many benefits one may derive from this formulation.

**October 11th, 2021.**

**October 18th, 2021.**

Wojciech Ozanski (USC); Format: online seminar via Zoom, Room:--, Time: 3:30PM-4:30PM

Title: Well-posedness of logarithmic spiral vortex sheets.

Abstract: We will discuss a family of 2D logarithmic spiral vortex sheets which include the celebrated spirals introduced by Prandtl (Vorträge aus dem Gebiete der Hydro- und Aerodynamik, 1922) and by Alexander (Phys. Fluids, 1971). We will discuss a recent result regarding a complete characterization of such spirals in terms of weak solutions of the 2D incompressible Euler equations. Namely, we will explain that a spiral gives rise to such solution if and only if two conditions hold across every spiral: a velocity matching condition and a pressure matching condition. Furthermore we show that these two conditions are equivalent to the imaginary part and the real part, respectively, of a single complex constraint on the coefficients of the spirals. This in particular provides a rigorous mathematical framework for logarithmic spirals, an issue that has remained open since their introduction by Prandtl in 1922, despite significant progress of the theory of vortex sheets and Birkhoff-Rott equations. We will also show well-posedness of the symmetric Alexander spiral with two branches, despite recent evidence for the contrary. Our main tools are new explicit formulas for the velocity field and for the pressure function, as well as a notion of a winding number of a spiral, which gives a robust way of localizing the spirals' arms with respect to a given point in the plane. This is joint work with P. Kokocki and T. Cieślak.

**October 25th, 2021.**

Maxwell Stolarski (ASU); Format: in person seminar, Room: 901, Time: 3:30pm-4:30pm

Title: Mean Curvature Flow Singularities with Bounded Mean Curvature

Abstract: Hypersurfaces moving by mean curvature flow often become singular in finite time. At this time, the flow may no longer be continued smoothly. The extension problem asks, "If M(t) is a solution to mean curvature flow defined up to time T, what conditions ensure that we may smoothly extend this solution to slightly later times?" For example, a result of Huisken says that if the 2nd fundamental forms of the evolving hypersurfaces remain uniformly bounded, then the mean curvature flow can be smoothly extended. One might then ask if a uniform bound on the mean curvature suffices to extend the flow. We'll discuss work that shows the answer is "no" in general, that is, there exist mean curvature flow solutions that become singular in finite time but have uniformly bounded mean curvature.

**November 1th, 2021.**

Lizhe Wan (UW Madison); Format: in-person seminar, Room: 901, Time: 3:30PM-4:30PM

Title: The Benjamin-Ono approximation for 2D gravity water waves with constant vorticity

Abstract: This article is concerned with infinite depth gravity water waves with constant vorticity in two space dimensions. We consider this system expressed in position-velocity potential holomorphic coordinates. We show that, for low-frequency solutions, the Benjamin-Ono equation gives a good and stable approximation to the system on the natural cubic time scale. The proof relies on refined cubic energy estimates and perturbative analysis.

**November 8th, 2021.**

Albert Ai (UW Madison);

Title: Well-posedness for the dispersion-generalized Benjamin-Ono equation

Abstract: In this talk we will consider the Cauchy problem for both low and high dispersive generalizations of the Benjamin-Ono equation. To address the nonlinear interactions, we use a pseudodifferential generalization of the gauge transform introduced by Tao for the original Benjamin-Ono equation. Further, we combine this with a paradifferential normal form. This approach allows for a much simpler functional setting, and improves the known low regularity well-posedness threshold across the range of the dispersive generalization. This is joint work with Grace Liu.

**November 15th, 2021.**

Sebastien Herr (Bielefeld University); Format: online seminar via Zoom, Time:10 AM

Please observe the time change!

Zoom Link: Register in advance for this meeting: https://uwmadison.zoom.us/meeting/register/tJcpcuqqqjMjE9VJ_-SaJ0gc6kS10CCTQTVP

Title: Global wellposedness for the energy-critical Zakharov system below the ground state

Abstract: The Zakharov system is a quadratically coupled system of a Schroedinger and a wave equation, which is related to the focussing cubic Schroedinger equation. We consider the associated Cauchy problem in the energy-critical dimension d=4 and prove that global well-posedness holds in the full (non-radial) energy space for any initial data with energy and wave mass below the ground state threshold. The result is based on a uniform Strichartz estimate for the Schr\"odinger equation with potentials solving the wave equation. A key ingredient in the non-radial setting is a bilinear Fourier extension estimate.

**November 22th, 2021.**

**November 29th, 2021.**

**December 6th, 2021.**

William Cooperman (University of Chicago); Format: in-person seminar, Room: 901, Time: 3:30PM-4:30PM. Host: Hung Tran.

Title: Quantitative homogenization of Hamilton-Jacobi equations

Abstract: We are interested in the rate at which solutions to a Hamilton-Jacobi equation converge, in the large-scale limit, to the solution of the effective problem. We'll describe prior work in various settings where homogenization occurs (periodic or random in space, coercive or only "coercive on average" in momentum as in the G equation). We'll also use a theorem of Alexander, originally proved in the context of first-passage percolation, to improve the rate of convergence when an optimal control formulation is available (for example, in the G equation or when the Hamiltonian is convex and coercive).

**December 13th, 2021.**

**February 21th, 2021.**

Birgit Schoerkhuber; Format: online seminar via Zoom, Room:--, Time:--

Title: TBA

Abstract: TBA

**April 18th, 2022.**

Loc Nguyen (UNCC); Format: in-person seminar, Room: 901, Time: 3:30PM-4:30PM. Host: Hung Tran.

## PDE GA Seminar Schedule Fall 2020-Spring 2021

Welcome to the new mode of our PDEGA seminar this semester. Each week, we'll introduce to you two talks that are interesting and related to our interests. As the videos are already on Youtube or other platforms, you could choose to watch them whenever you want to; our goal here is merely to pick our favorite ones out of thousands of already available recorded talks.

**Week 1 (9/1/2020-9/5/2020)**

1. Paul Rabinowitz - The calculus of variations and phase transition problems. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vs3rd8RPosA

2. Frank Merle - On the implosion of a three dimensional compressible fluid. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5wSNBN0IRdA&feature=youtu.be

**Week 2 (9/6/2020-9/12/2020)**

1. Yoshikazu Giga - On large time behavior of growth by birth and spread. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4ndtUh38AU0

2. Tarek Elgindi - Singularity formation in incompressible fluids. https://youtu.be/29zUjm7xFlI

**Week 3 (9/13/2020-9/19/2020)**

1. Eugenia Malinnikova - Two questions of Landis and their applications. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lpTsW1noWTQ

2. Pierre Germain - On the derivation of the kinetic wave equation. https://youtu.be/ZbCjKwQ3KcE

**Week 4 (9/20/2020-9/26/2020)**

1. Robert M. Strain - Global mild solutions of the Landau and non-cutoff Boltzmann equation. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UWrCItk2euo&feature=youtu.be

2. Elena Kosygina - Stochastic homogenization of a class of nonconvex viscous HJ equations in one space dimension https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tVZv0ftT3PM

**Week 5 (9/27/2020-10/03/2020)**

1. Isabelle Gallagher - From Newton to Boltzmann, fluctuations and large deviations. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BkrKkUVadDo

2. Connor Mooney - The Bernstein problem for elliptic functionals, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lSfnyfCL74c

**Week 6 (10/04/2020-10/10/2020)**

1. Felix Otto - The thresholding scheme for mean curvature flow and De Giorgi's ideas for gradient flows. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7FQsiZpQA7E

2. Inwon Kim - Evolution of star-shaped sets in Mean curvature flow with forcing http://www.birs.ca/events/2018/5-day-workshops/18w5033/videos/watch/201806190900-Kim.html

**Week 7 (10/11/2020-10/17/2020)**

1. Benoit Perthame - Multiphase models of living tissues and the Hele-Shaw limit. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UGVJnJCfw5s

2. Yifeng Yu - Properties of Effective Hamiltonians. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U06G4wjF-Hg

**Week 8 (10/18/2020-10/24/2020)**

1. Carlos Kenig - Asymptotic simplification for solutions of the energy critical nonlinear wave equation. https://youtu.be/jvzUqAxU8Xg

2. Kyeongsu Choi - Ancient mean curvature flows and singularity analysis. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Iu1iLjdFjKQ

Virtual Analysis and PDE Seminar (VAPS): https://sites.uci.edu/pdeonlineseminar/. First talk by Ovidiu Savin.

**Week 9 (10/25/2020-10/31/2020)**

1. John Ball - Some energy minimization problems for liquid crystals. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-j0jc-y7JzE

2. Tristan Buckmaster - Stable shock wave formation for the isentropic compressible Euler equations. https://stanford.zoom.us/rec/play/DwuT8rE-K1uJC0LghYPtsoaNmPBk9-P5EK4ZeWh1mVNJELRHn-ay-gOVXHSTRz_0X3iUZDBoUVYq8zfd.Tuqy8urKY4jESivm?continueMode=true&_x_zm_rtaid=GiRX307iT7encyYgIEgh9Q.1603308889393.b4a9b3af5c64cc9ca735cffbe25d8b7b&_x_zm_rhtaid=764

**Week 10 (11/1/2020-11/7/2020)**

1. Sylvia Serfaty - Mean-Field limits for Coulomb-type dynamics. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f7iSTnAe808&feature=youtu.be

2. Luc Nguyen - Symmetry and multiple existence of critical points in 2D Landau-de Gennes Q-tensor theory http://www.birs.ca/events/2017/5-day-workshops/17w5110/videos/watch/201705041518-Nguyen.html

**Week 11 (11/8/2020-11/14/2020)**

1. Andrzej Święch - Finite dimensional approximations of Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equations in spaces of probability measures https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KC514krtWAc

2. Alexandru Ionescu - On the nonlinear stability of shear flows and vortices, https://youtu.be/Zt_Izzi87V0

**Week 12 (11/15/2020-11/21/2020)**

1. Irene M. Gamba - Boltzmann type equations in a general framework: from the classical elastic flow, to gas mixtures, polyatomic gases, and more, https://youtu.be/fPlhAMGULtY

2. Andrej Zlatos - Euler Equations on General Planar Domains, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FdyyMZirRwk

**Week 13 (11/22/2020-11/28/2020)**

1. Camillo De Lellis - Flows of vector fields: classical and modern, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dVXSC3rtvok&feature=youtu.be

2. Wilfrid Gangbo - Analytical Aspect of Mean Field Games (Part 1/2), https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KI5n6OYzzW8

**Week 14 (11/29/2020-12/5/2020)**

1. Juan Dávila - Leapfrogging vortex rings and other solutions with concentrated vorticity for the Euler equations, https://youtu.be/xfAKGc0IEUw

2. Yao Yao - Aggregation-diffusion equation: symmetry, uniqueness and non-uniqueness of steady states, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C_4qCimIMYc

**Week 15 (12/6/2020-12/12/2020)**

1. Pierre Gilles Lemarié-Rieusset - On weak solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations with infinite energy, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OeFJ6r-GLJc&feature=youtu.be

2. Albert Fathi - Weak KAM Theory: the connection between Aubry-Mather theory and viscosity solutions of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0y8slhbQlTU

**Spring 2021**

**Week 1 (1/31/2021- 2/6/2021)**

1. Emmanuel Grenier - instability of viscous shear layers https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0_EG4VWIYvU&feature=youtu.be

2. Robert Pego - Dynamics and oscillations in models of coagulation and fragmentation https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3712lImYP84

**Week 2 ( 2/7/2021- 2/13/2021)**

1. Ryan Hynd, The Hamilton-Jacobi equation, past and present https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jR6paJf7aek

2. Jacob Bedrossian - Chaotic mixing of the Lagrangian flow map and the power spectrum of passive scalar turbulence in the Batchelor regime https://youtu.be/3lNQNsdlGTE

Colloquium (2/12/2021): Bobby Wilson (University of Washington). More information can be found here http://www.math.wisc.edu/wiki/index.php/Colloquia.

**Week 3 ( 2/14/2021- 2/20/2021)**

1. Diogo A. Gomes - Monotone MFGs - theory and numerics https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lj1L7AHHY3s

2. Hao Jia - nonlinear asymptotic stability in two dimensional incompressible Euler equations https://youtu.be/KMf7K2sTLXg

**Week 4 ( 2/21/2021- 2/27/2021)**

1. Anne-Laure Dalibard - Boundary layer methods in semilinear fluid equations https://www.msri.org/workshops/944/schedules/29309

2. Gui-Qiang G. Chen - On Nonlinear PDEs of Mixed Elliptic-Hyperbolic Type: Analysis and Connections https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W3sa-8qtw68

**Week 5 ( 2/28/2021- 3/6/2021)**

1. Inwon Kim - A variational scheme for Navier-Stokes Equations https://www.msri.org/workshops/944/schedules/29317

2. Robert L. Jerrard - Solutions of the Ginzburg–Landau equatons with vorticity concentrating near a nondegenerate geodesic https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M0NQh2PET_k

**Week 6 (3/7/2021-3/13/2021)**

1. Ondřej Kreml - Non-uniqueness of admissible weak solutions to the compressible Euler equations with smooth initial datas https://www.birs.ca/events/2020/5-day-workshops/20w5188/videos/watch/202011231027-Kreml.html

2. Rita Ferreira - Homogenization of a stationary mean-field game via two-scale convergence https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EICMVmt5o9c

**Week 7 (3/14/2021-3/20/2021)**

1. Sergey Denisov - Small scale formation in 2D Euler dynamics https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7ffUgTC34tM

2. Alexis Vasseur - Instability of finite time blow-ups for incompressible Euler https://www.birs.ca/events/2020/5-day-workshops/20w5188/videos/watch/202011231000-Vasseur.html

**Week 8 (3/21/2021- 3/27/2021)**

1. Peter Sternberg - Variational Models for Phase Transitions in Liquid Crystals Based Upon Disparate Values of the Elastic Constants https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4rSPsDvkTYs

2. François Golse - Half-space problem for the Boltzmann equation with phase transition at the boundary https://mysnu-my.sharepoint.com/:v:/g/personal/bear0117_seoul_ac_kr/ETGjasFQ7ylHu04qUz4KomYB98uMHLd-q96DOJGwbbEB0A

**Week 9 (3/28/2021- 4/3/2021)**

1. Susan Friedlander - Kolmogorov, Onsager and a stochastic model for turbulence https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xk3KZQ-anDM

2. Sergei Chernyshenko - Auxiliary functionals: a path to solving the problem of turbulence https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NrF7n3MyCy4&list=PLf_ipOSbWC86n18q4JMn_1J04S90FpdeE&index=9

**Week 10 (4/4/2021- 4/10/2021)**

1. Camillo De Lellis - Transport equations and ODEs with nonsmooth coefficients https://www.msri.org/workshops/945/schedules/29235

2. Weinan E - PDE problems that arise from machine learning https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5rb8DJkxfg8

**Week 11(4/11/2021- 4/17/2021)**

1. Marian Gidea - Topological methods and Hamiltonian instability https://youtu.be/aMN7zJZavDo

2. David Gerard-Varet - On the effective viscosity of suspensions http://www.birs.ca/events/2020/5-day-workshops/20w5188/videos/watch/202011230644-Gerard-Varet.html

**Week 12(4/18/2021- 4/24/2021)**

1. Takis Souganidis - Phase-field models for motion by mean curvature - 1 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fH8ygVAZm-0

2. Nader Masmoudi - Inviscid Limit and Prandtl System, https://youtu.be/tLg3HwVDlOo

**Week 13(4/25/2021- 5/1/2021)**

1. James Stone - Astrophysical fluid dynamics https://youtu.be/SlPSa37QMeI

2. Stefania Patrizi - Chaotic Orbits for systems of nonlocal equations http://www.birs.ca/events/2017/5-day-workshops/17w5116/videos/watch/201704050939-Patrizi.html

date | speaker | title | host(s) |
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## Abstracts

Title:

Abstract: